If segregation was gradually implemented in the country, it became truly official in 1948. Faced with Apartheid and its violent abuses, the international community has had contradictory reactions. Some countries did not hesitate to condemn segregation, while others, like the United States, maintained trade relations with the Afrikaner regime, to the detriment of the values they claimed to defend.
Segregation also affected the world of sport: South Africa only sent white athletes to international competitions. In 1964, during the Winter Olympics in Innsbruck (Austria), the International Olympic Committee (CIO) announced plans to suspend South Africa's participation in the Tokyo Summer Olympics (Japan), scheduled for October 1964. The Committee accompanied its decision with an ultimatum. Thus, the country was to officially condemn Apartheid and end all discrimination in sport by August 16, 1964.
In June 1964, the South African Olympic Committee announced that it was planning to send 7 non-white athletes to Tokyo -of the 62 members, which the Olympic team had. This decision was deemed insufficient by the IOC, which officially announced the ban of South Africa from participating in the Olympic Games on August 18, 1964. Other restrictions in the sports field affected the country; South African athletes were banned from the Wimbledon championship and the International Football Federation (FIFA) also prohibits any participation of South Africa in its competitions. It was not until 1992 and the Barcelona Olympics (Spain) so that South Africa -which had abolished its discriminatory laws the previous year - may again take part in Olympic competitions.