After the Berlin conference of 1884, the Italians were preparing to colonize Ethiopia. They collided with the Ethiopian nationalist Menelik II, who waged a merciless struggle against them.
To soften the resistance of the Ethiopians who became increasingly fierce against them, in 1887, the Italians imported two cows from Bombay to India, known to be infected with the rinderpest virus which never existed on the ground African before that time. The goal was to cause a quick death of the cattle: cattle, sheep, goats and wild animals such as than gazelles, buffaloes and giraffes.
The cattle virus has spread and killed almost all animals in Ethiopia. This virus even reached Central Africa in a few months. Cattle deaths disrupted agriculture and caused widespread famine throughout Ethiopia. Historians believe that two-thirds of the population ofEritrea neighbors were decimated by the famine that followed.
Death spread quickly to the ends of Kenya. The death toll has been heightened by cholera that has spread from north to south. This devastated the fighting ability of Emperor Menelik II. The Ethiopians resisted until the battle of Adwa of 1896, which marks the final confrontation between the Italian colonialists and the Ethiopian nationalists led by Emperor Menelik II who chased them away on March 1, 1896 during this battle ofAdwa.
It was a major victory for the Ethiopians and the first on African soil. This battle ofAdwa of 1896 became very important for African Nationalists. This battle has an impact on progressive humanity and triggers the struggle for freedom. It is another war crime and crime against humanity from the unregistered West, that the Italian Settlers committed in their 1st attempt to completely annihilate Ethiopia and create an Italian Empire in East Africa . Whoever forgets his past is condemned to relive it.